Justice LeagueEdit

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search{| cellspacing="5" class="infobox" style="text-align: left; line-height: 1.5em; width: 24em; background: #eef7ff; font-size: 88%" ! colspan="2" style="text-align: center; background: #69a0f3; font-size: 125%; font-weight: bold"|Justice League of America |- | colspan="2" style="text-align: center"| Cover art for Justice League of America (vol. 2) #25. Art by Ed Benes. |- ! colspan="2" style="text-align: center; background: #69a0f3"|Publication information |- ! scope="row" style="text-align: left; width: 40%"|Publisher |DC Comics |- ! scope="row" style="text-align: left; width: 40%"|First appearance |The Brave and the Bold #28 (February/March 1960) |- ! scope="row" style="text-align: left; width: 40%"|Created by |Gardner Fox |- ! colspan="2" style="text-align: center; background: #69a0f3"|In-story information |- ! scope="row" style="text-align: left; width: 40%"|Base(s) |The Hall and the Satellite Watchtower The Refuge JLI Embassies Detroit Bunker Satellite Secret Sanctuary |- ! scope="row" style="text-align: left; width: 40%"|Member(s) |Batman (Dick Grayson) Congorilla Cyborg Donna Troy Jade Jesse Quick Red Tornado Starman Supergirl |- ! colspan="2" style="text-align: center; background: #69a0f3"|Roster |- | colspan="2" style="text-align: center; background: #eef7ff"|See:List of Justice League members |} The "Justice League", also called the Justice League of America or JLA, is a fictional superhero team that appears in comic books published by DC Comics.

First appearing in The Brave and the Bold #28 (February/March 1960), the League originally appeared with a line-up that included Superman, Batman, Wonder Woman, Flash, Green Lantern, Aquaman, and the Martian Manhunter. However, the team roster has been rotated throughout the years with characters such as Green Arrow, Atom, Hawkman, Hawkgirl, Black Canary, Zatanna,Captain Marvel,Plastic Man, the Elongated Man, Red Tornado, and dozens of others. The team received its own comic book title in October 1960, when the first issue was published, and would continue to #261 in April 1987, which was the final issue. Throughout the years, various incarnations or subsections of the team have operated as Justice League America, Justice League Europe, Justice League International, Justice League Task Force, Justice League Elite, and Extreme Justice.

Various comic book series featuring the League have remained generally popular with fans since inception and in most incarnations, its roster includes DC's most popular characters. The League concept has also been adapted into various other entertainment media, including the classic Saturday morning Super Friends animated series (1973–1986), an unproduced Justice League of America live-action series, and most recently animated series Justice League (2001–2004) and Justice League Unlimited (2004–2006). A live-action film was in the works in 2008 before being shelved.


[hide]*1 Publication history

    • 1.1 Silver and Bronze Age / Justice League of America
      • 1.1.1 Satellite years
      • 1.1.2 Detroit
    • 1.2 Modern incarnations
      • 1.2.1 Justice League International
      • 1.2.2 JLA
      • 1.2.3 52
      • 1.2.4 Justice League of America (vol. 2)
  • 2 Various origins of the Justice League
  • 3 Related series
    • 3.1 Formerly Known as the Justice League
    • 3.2 JLA/Avengers
    • 3.3 JLA: Classified
    • 3.4 Justice
    • 3.5 Justice League: Cry for Justice
    • 3.6 JLA/The 99
  • 4 Awards
  • 5 Bibliography
    • 5.1 Silver Age Justice League of America
    • 5.2 Justice League/Justice League International/Justice League America (1987–1996)
    • 5.3 JLA (January 1997 – February 2006)
    • 5.4 Justice League of America (vol. 2) (August 2006 – present)
  • 6 In other media
  • 7 See also
    • 7.1 Spin-off groups
  • 8 References
  • 9 External links

[[[Justice League|edit]]] Publication historyEdit

[[[Justice League|edit]]] Silver and Bronze Age / Justice League of AmericaEdit

EnlargeThe Brave and the Bold #28: Debut of the Justice League. Art by Mike Sekowsky and Murphy Anderson.

Justice League of America

Cover to Justice League of America #1. Art by Mike Sekowsky.

Publication information
Publisher DC Comics
Schedule Monthly
Format Ongoing
Publication date October 1960 – April 1987
Number of issues 261
Creative team
Writer(s) Various
Artist(s) Various
Creator(s) Gardner Fox

Mike Sekowsky

Having successfully reintroduced a number of their Golden Age superhero characters (Flash, Green Lantern, etc.) during the late 1950s, DC Comics asked writer Gardner Fox to reintroduce the Justice Society of America. Fox, influenced by the popularity of the National Football League and Major League Baseball, decided to change the name of the team from Justice Society to Justice League.[1] The Justice League of America debuted in The Brave and the Bold #28 (1960), and quickly became one of the company's best-selling titles. Fox wrote virtually all of the League's adventures during the 1960s, and artist Mike Sekowsky pencilled the first five years.

The initial Justice League lineup included seven of the DC superheroes being published regularly at that time: Superman, Batman, Aquaman, Flash, Green Lantern, Martian Manhunter, and Wonder Woman. However, Superman and Batman barely featured in most of the stories, not even appearing on the cover most of the time. Three of DC's other surviving or revived characters (Green Arrow, Atom, and Hawkman) were added to the roster over the next four years, the latter two having been revamped by Gardner Fox himself. JLA's early success was indirectly responsible for the creation of the Fantastic Four. In his autobiography Stan Lee relates how, during a round of golf, DC publisher Jack Liebowitz mentioned to Marvel-Timely owner Martin Goodman how well DC's new book (Justice League) was selling. Later that day Goodman told Lee to come up with a team of superheroes for Marvel; Lee and Jack Kirby produced the Fantastic Four.[2]

The Justice League operated from a secret cave outside of the small town of Happy Harbor, Rhode Island. A teenager named Lucas "Snapper" Carr tagged along on missions, and he became both the team's mascot and an official member. Snapper, noted for speaking in beatnik dialect and snapping his fingers, helped the League to defeat giant space starfish Starro the Conqueror in the team's first appearance. In Justice League of America #77 (December 1969), Snapper was tricked into betraying the cave headquarters' secret location to the Joker, resulting in his resignation from the team. His resignation followed the resignations of two of the league's original members, Wonder Woman (in Justice League of America #69) and J'onn J'onzz (in Justice League of America #71).

[[[Justice League|edit]]] Satellite yearsEdit

Main article: Justice League SatelliteIn need of a new secure headquarters, the Justice League moved into an orbiting satellite headquarters in Justice League of America #78 (February 1970). Black Canary, Elongated Man, Red Tornado, Hawkwoman, Zatanna and Firestorm all joined the team during this period, and Wonder Woman returned. In the first two thirds or so of this era, the team was sometimes said to have a twelve-member limit and/or a "no duplication of powers" policy; this was formally rescinded in Justice League of America #146, allowing Hawkgirl to join.

Those involved in producing the Justice League of America comic during the 1970s include writers Denny O'Neil, Mike Friedrich, Len Wein, Elliot S! Maggin, Gerry Conway, Cary Bates, E. Nelson Bridwell, and Steve Englehart, with Dick Dillin handling the art chores from issues #64-181, missing only one issue, #153. However, popularity waned around this time, leading to DC Comics to recruit popular artist George Pérez (who at the time was also drawing sister title The New Teen Titans) to replace Dick Dillin upon the artist's death. However, Perez would leave the title within two years in order to concentrate on the Titans.

[[[Justice League|edit]]] DetroitEdit

Seeking to capitalize on the popularity of their other team books, which focused upon heroes in their late teens/early 20s, Gerry Conway and artist Chuck Patton revamped the Justice League series. After most of the original heroes failed to arrive in order to help the team fend off an invasion of Martians, Aquaman dissolved the League and reformatted its charter to only allow heroes who would devote their full time to the roster.[3]

The new team consisted of Aquaman, Zatanna, Martian Manhunter, the Elongated Man, the Vixen, and a trio of teenage heroes Gypsy, Steel, and Vibe. Aquaman would leave the team after a year and was replaced as leader by the Martian Manhunter. Because of his own edict of only wanting full-time heroes in the League, Aquaman's estranged wife Mera gave him an ultimatum to stay with either the group or with her to salvage their marriage. Fan response was largely negative and even the return of Batman to the team in Justice League of America #250 could not halt the decline of the series.

The final storyline for the original Justice League of America series (#258-261) by writer J. M. DeMatteis and artist Luke McDonnell, culminated a story-arc involving long-time Justice League enemy Professor Ivo's murders of Vibe and Steel (and the resignations of Vixen, Gypsy, and the Elongated Man) during the events of DC's Legends mini-series, which saw the team disband.

[[[Justice League|edit]]] Modern incarnationsEdit

[[[Justice League|edit]]] Justice League InternationalEdit

Main articles: Justice League International and Justice League EuropeThe 1986 company-wide crossover Legends featured the formation of a new Justice League. The new team was dubbed "Justice League" then "Justice League International" (JLI) and was given a mandate with less of an American focus. The new series, written by Keith Giffen and J. M. DeMatteis with art by Kevin Maguire (and later Adam Hughes), added quirky humor to the team's stories. In this incarnation, the membership consisted partly of heroes from Earths that, prior to their merging in the Crisis on Infinite Earths, were separate. The initial team included Batman, Black Canary, Blue Beetle, Captain Marvel, Doctor Light (a new Japanese female character, emerging from the Crisis of Infinite Earths, not the supervillain who had appeared previously), Doctor Fate, Martian Manhunter, Mister Miracle, and Guy Gardner; and soon after inception, added Booster Gold, Captain Atom, Fire (formerly known as the Global Guardians' Green Flame), Ice (formerly known as the Global Guardians' Ice Maiden), and two Rocket Reds (one was a Manhunter spy, and one was Dimitri Pushkin). The series' humorous tone and high level of characterization proved very popular initially, but writers following Giffen and DeMatteis were unable to maintain the same balance of humor and heroics, resulting in the decline of the series' popularity. New writers gave the storylines a more serious tone. By the mid- to late-1990s, with the series' commercial success fading, it was eventually canceled, along with spinoffs Justice League Europe, Extreme Justice, and Justice League Task Force.

[[[Justice League|edit]]] JLAEdit

Main article: JLA (comic book)


Cover for JLA #1. Art by Howard Porter and John Dell.

Publication information
Publisher DC Comics
Schedule Monthly
Format Ongoing
Publication date January 1997 – February 2006
Number of issues 125
Creative team
Writer(s) Grant Morrison, Mark Waid, Joe Kelly, Denny O'Neil, Chuck Austen, Kurt Busiek, Geoff Johns, Allan Heinberg, Bob Harras
Artist(s) Various
Creator(s) Grant Morrison

Howard Porter John Dell

The low sales of the various Justice League spinoff books prompted DC to revamp the League as a single team (all the various branch teams were disbanded) on a single title. A Justice League of America formed in the September 1996 limited series Justice League: A Midsummer's Nightmare by Mark Waid and Fabian Nicieza, which reunited the "Original Seven" of the League for the first time since Crisis on Infinite Earths. In 1997, DC Comics launched a new Justice League series titled JLA, written by Grant Morrison with art by Howard Porter and inker John Dell.

This series, in an attempt at a "back-to-basics" approach, used as its core the team's original seven members (or their successors): Superman, Batman, Wonder Woman, Aquaman, Flash (Wally West), Green Lantern (Kyle Rayner), and the Martian Manhunter. Additionally, the team received a new headquarters, the "Watchtower", based on the Moon. Morrison introduced the idea of the JLA allegorically representing a pantheon of gods, with their different powers and personalities, incorporating such characters as Zauriel, Big Barda, Orion, Huntress, Barbara Gordon (Oracle), Steel (John Henry Irons), and Plastic Man. He also had temporaries as Aztek, Tomorrow Woman, and Green Arrow (Connor Hawke).

Under Morrison, the series pitted the League against a variety of enemies, ranging from murderous White Martians, renegade angels, a new incarnation of the Injustice Gang led by Lex Luthor, the Key awakened from a coma, to the villainy of new villain Prometheus, the alien species of existing JLA villain Starro the Star Conqueror (revamped as a monsterous creature known as "The Star Conquerer") and Captain Atom villain General Wade Eilings, who transformed a cadre of Marines into deformed super-powered beings known as "The Ultra-Marines" as well as put his mind into the body of the indestructible Shaggy Man, and a futuristic Darkseid. Morrison's run itself featured a myth-arc involving the New Gods preparing the Earth for battle against a creature known as "Maggedon", a super-scentient weapon of mass destruction that was approaching Earth, that culminated in the final Morrison arc "World War III".

The run also had its share of editorial problems: Morrison had to adapt to Superman's changing powers, the death of Wonder Woman, the loss of Green Arrow Connor Hawke due to plans for a Kevin Smith-penned Green Arrow series. Still, JLA quickly became DC's best-selling title,[4] a position it enjoyed off and on for several years.[5] Despite this, DC did not create continuing spinoff series as it had done before.

However, with the departure of Morrison with issue #41, the book began to stutter downward in sales. Runs by Mark Waid and Joe Kelly failed to catch on with readers, as the novelty of having the core Justice League membership reunited had worn off. As such, with the departure of Kelly, the series switched to a series of rotating writers, with issue #91 while Kelly (via JLA #100) was given a poorly received spin-off mini-series (Justice League Elite) that featured Green Arrow, Flash, and several other Kelly created characters. The new format saw stories by John Byrne, Chuck Austen, and Kurt Busiek that were poorly received by fans. Geoff Johns and Allen Heinberg would take over the book with #114, which saw a multi-part storyline that dealt with the aftermath of Identity Crisis and served as a lead-in to the events of Infinite Crisis, as Superboy-Prime destroyed the Watchtower at the end of issue #119. Bob Harras would ultimately write the book's final storyline (JLA #120-125) as Green Arrow struggled in vain to keep the League afloat.

[[[Justice League|edit]]] 52Edit

Main article: 52 (comics)In 52 Week 24, Firestorm recruits a group to reform the Justice League. It consists of Firehawk, Super-Chief, Bulleteer, and Ambush Bug. They fight a deranged Skeets who takes Super-Chief's powers and kills him as well as numerous people given powers by Lex Luthor's Everyman Project. Afterward, Firestorm breaks up the team.

Also in the series, Luthor's new Infinity, Inc. was informally referred to as a "Justice League" in solicitations and on covers.

[[[Justice League|edit]]] Justice League of America (vol. 2)Edit

Justice League of America (vol. 2)

Variant incentive cover for Justice League of America (vol. 2) #1 Art by Michael Turner.

Publication information
Publisher DC Comics
Schedule Monthly
Format Ongoing
Publication date August 2006 – present
Number of issues 47 (including #0) as of June 2010
Creative team
Writer(s) Brad Meltzer

Dwayne McDuffie Len Wein James Robinson

Artist(s) Ed Benes

Mark Bagley

Creator(s) Brad Meltzer

Ed Benes

One year after the events of Infinite Crisis, Superman, Batman, and Wonder Woman reunite in the Batcave to re-form the League in Justice League of America #0, the kick-off for a new series by Brad Meltzer and Ed Benes. The series featured a roster which included Green Lantern (Hal Jordan), Black Canary, Red Arrow (Green Arrow's former sidekick), Red Tornado, Vixen, Black Lightning, and Hawkgirl. The first arc of the series focused upon Red Tornado and pitted the team against a new intelligent incarnation of Solomon Grundy and the rebuilt Amazo. The new incarnation of the team has two main headquarters, linked by a transporter. The first site is The Hall, which in mainstream DC Universe is a refurnished version of the Justice Society of America and the All-Star Squadron's former headquarters located in Washington, D.C. Black Canary is elected as the first official Chairperson after the fight against Amazo and Solomon Grundy, and led both the Justice League and Justice Society in a complex quest to reunite time-lost members of the pre-Crisis Legion of Super-Heroes, who had been sent back in time to free both Bart Allen and Flash from the other dimensional realm of the Speed Force. Meltzer left the series at the end of issue #12, with one of his subplots (Per Degaton, a pre-nuclear fire mutation version of Despero, and a circa 1948 version of the Ultra-Humanite gathering for an unknown plot) resolved in the pages of Booster Gold.

Dwayne McDuffie took over the writing job with the Justice League Wedding Special and the main book with issue #13. Due to DC Comics seeking to launch a spin-off Justice League book led by Hal Jordan, the character was removed from the main League series and replaced by John Stewart. Firestorm also joined the roster, with the series entering into a series of tie-in storylines towards Countdown to Final Crisis, with the arrest of a large number of supervillains (gathered by Lex Luthor and Deathstroke to attack the League on the eve of the wedding of Black Canary and Green Arrow) setting up the Salvation Run tie-in miniseries. Also, roster members Red Tornado and Geo-Force were written out. McDuffie's run received mixed reviews and negative fan response due to fan favorite Hal Jordan's removal in favor of Stewart. Jordan ended up being restored to the roster by issue #19 of the series, only to be removed once again by issue #31 once Justice League: Cry for Justice was completed and ready to be shipped.

Issue #21 saw the return of Libra and the Human Flame, setting up their appearances in Final Crisis. Later issues would resolve issues involving Vixen's power level increase and see the integration of the Milestone Comics characters the Shadow Cabinet and Icon, who fought the Justice League over the remains of the villainous Doctor Light. The group suffered greater losses during Final Crisis with the deaths of Martian Manhunter and Batman, leading to Green Arrow and Hal Jordan forming their own splinter Justice League group to hunt down the men responsible for arranging Martian Manhunter's death (Black Canary herself has also sent John Stewart and Firestorm after Human Flame, as seen in the Final Crisis Aftermath: Run! miniseries).

Hal's decision to form his own group, combined with the rest of the roster leaving the group due to their own personal issues, has resulted in a new League roster of Black Canary, Firestorm, John Stewart, Zatanna, Vixen, and the heroic female Doctor Light. Later, Black Canary tries to disband the League, believing it to be too weak with its current, shaky roster. It is implied by the comments of Vixen and Firestorm that the team took this more as a resignation on her part.[6] Thus, Vixen has assumed command of the League.[6]

Len Wein wrote a three-part fill-in story for Justice League of America[7] that ran from #35 to #37. McDuffie was fired from the title before he could return, after discussion postings to the DC Comics message board, detailing behind-the-scenes creative decisions on his run, were republished in the rumor column "Lying In The Gutter".[8] James Robinson was announced as the new Justice League of America writer.[9]

Following the events of "Cry for Justice", the JLA is once again decimated with Hal Jordan being forced to rebuild the League, with Green Arrow, the Atom, Batman, Mon-El, Donna Troy, Cyborg, Doctor Light, Starfire, Congorilla, and the Guardian.

At the end of issue #43, the majority of the new members leave for various reasons. Mon-El and the Guardian leave after Mon-El returns to the future, Black Canary returns to the Birds of Prey, Starfire leaves to join the R.E.B.E.L.S., Green Lantern leaves due to his new status after Blackest Night, and Green Arrow is forced to leave due to his fugitive status. James Robinson revealed this was due to him having second thoughts about his decision to use so many characters, and revealed that the team will have a different roster in the coming months.[10] He confirmed that to replace the departed members, Jade and Jesse Quick will be joining. He later revealed that Cyborg will remain with the team in a reduced capacity, and will be given his own co-feature storyline for issues 48–50.[11]

[[[Justice League|edit]]] Various origins of the Justice LeagueEdit

In a story told in flashback in 1962's Justice League of America #9, Earth was infiltrated by the Appelaxians. Competing alien warriors were sent to see who could conquer Earth first to determine who will become the new ruler of their home planet. The aliens' attacks drew the attentions of Superman, Batman, Wonder Woman, Flash (Barry Allen), Green Lantern (Hal Jordan), Aquaman, and Martian Manhunter. While the superheroes individually defeated most of the invaders, the heroes fell prey to a single competitor's attack; only by working together were they able to defeat the competitor. For many years, the heroes heralded this adventure as the event that prompted them to agree to pool resources when confronted with similar menaces.

Years later, however (as revealed in Justice League of America #144), Green Arrow uncovered inconsistencies in League records and extracted admissions from his colleagues that the seven founders had actually formed the League after the Martian Manhunter was rescued from Martian forces by the other six founders, along with several other heroes including Robin, Robotman, Congo Bill/Congorilla, Rex the Wonder Dog, and even Lois Lane. Green Lantern participated in this first adventure solely as Hal Jordan, due to the fact that he had yet to become the costumed hero at that time (the biggest inconsistency Arrow found, as they celebrated the earlier incident's date, while recounting only the later one's events). When the group formalized their agreement, they suppressed news of it because of anti-Martian hysteria (mirroring the real-world backdrop of Martian scares and anti-communist hysteria of the 1950s). Because the League members had not revealed their identities to each other at the time, they did not realize that Jordan and Green Lantern were one and the same when he turned up in costume during the event described in #9. While most subsequent accounts of the League have made little mention of this first adventure, the animated Justice League series adapted this tale as the origin of the League as well.

1989's Secret Origins #32 updated Justice League of America #9's origin for Post-Crisis continuity. Differences included the inclusion of the original Black Canary as a founding member and the absence of Batman, Wonder Woman, and Superman (the 1960s time frame was retained, but the post-Crisis versions of DC's three biggest stars were young and early in their careers in the late 1980s). Additionally, while Hal Jordan served as the public face of the Justice League, this iteration of the League's origin cast the Flash as the team's unofficial leader, since it was Allen who usually came up with the plans that best utilized everyone's powers. 1998's JLA: Year One limited series, by Mark Waid, Brian Augustyn, and Barry Kitson, further expanded upon the Secret Origins depiction, with the revelation that the group was secretly financed by Oliver Queen, a.k.a. the superhero Green Arrow. It also stated that Superman rejected membership into the group, leading to much animus between him and the other "founders" during the early years of the group.

In 1994's Justice League Task Force #16, during Zero Hour, an unknown superhuman named Triumph appeared. It was revealed that, in a plotline never explored before, Triumph was revealed to have been a founding member of the Justice League, serving as their leader. On his first mission with the fledgling Justice League, Triumph seemingly "saved the world", but was teleported into a dimensional limbo that also affected the timestream, resulting in no one having any memory of him. This was to explain how all the heroes ended up in Washington for their first meeting.

Further convolutions came with the issue of Batman's involvement with the League; during the 1990s, the editors of Batman sought to distance Batman from the Justice League, to the point of demanding that Batman's entire Justice League membership be removed from the group's canon. According to Christopher Priest, this "Batman was never in the Justice League" edict came down ironically after DC published Justice League America Annual #9, which featured Batman as a member of the League during its early days. The edict itself was largely haphazardly enforced; while Mark Waid had Batman proclaim to have never been a member of the League in Justice League Incarnations #7, other writers such as Grant Morrison and Keith Giffen took the stance that Batman had simply never joined the team until the Justice League International era.[citation needed] This edict was ultimately dropped by the early 2000s, as Batman's involvement with the League is now referenced heavily by later writers such as Brad Meltzer.

The convoluted change made to Hawkman's background in the wake of the launching of the Hawkworld ongoing series, in 1990, resulted in a retcon where the original Golden Age/Justice Society Golden Age Hawkman, Carter Hall was now a member of the team as opposed to Katar Hol (who would now not join the group until 1994's Justice League America #0). The details of how Carter Hall joined the team, would be revealed in the 2001 "Justice League Incarnations #1, with the revelation that Carter joined the team to serve as a mentor for then-young heroes.

In 2006's Infinite Crisis #7, the formation of "New Earth" (the new name for the Post-Crisis Earth) resulted in the retcon that Wonder Woman was a founding member of the Justice League in the early days. In Brad Meltzer's Justice League of America (vol. 2) #0 (2006), it was also revealed that both Superman and Batman were founding members as well. 52 - Week 51 confirmed that the 1989 Secret Origins and JLA: Year One origins were still in canon at that time, with Superman, Batman, and Wonder Woman joining the team (consisting of Aquaman, Black Canary, Flash, Green Lantern, and Martian Manhunter) with founding members' status shortly after the group's formation.[12] However, in various issues (particularly issue #12) of the current Justice League series, the founding members of the Justice League are shown to be: Superman, Batman, Wonder Woman, Green Lantern (Hal Jordan), Flash (Barry Allen), Aquaman, and the Martian Manhunter.

[[[Justice League|edit]]] Related seriesEdit

[[[Justice League|edit]]] Formerly Known as the Justice LeagueEdit

Main article: Super BuddiesIn 2003, Giffen, DeMatteis, and Maguire returned with a separate limited series called Formerly Known as the Justice League with the same humor as their Justice League run, and featuring some of the same characters in a team called the "Super Buddies" (a parody of the Super Friends). A follow-up limited series, entitled I Can't Believe It's Not the Justice League, soon was prepared, although it was delayed due to the events shown in the Identity Crisis limited series, but was eventually released as the second arc in JLA: Classified. The Super Buddies consisted of Blue Beetle; Booster Gold; Captain Atom, Fire; Mary Marvel; the Elongated Man with his wife, Sue Dibny; Maxwell Lord; and L-Ron. The second story arc of JLA: Classified focuses on the Super Buddies in a humorous story that features Power Girl, Guy Gardner, and Doctor Fate.

[[[Justice League|edit]]] JLA/AvengersEdit

Main article: JLA/AvengersIn 2004, George Pérez and Kurt Busiek came out with a JLA/Avengers crossover, an idea that had been delayed for 20 years for various reasons. In this limited series, the Justice League and the Avengers were forced to find key artifacts in one another's universe, as well as deal with the threats of villains Krona and the Grandmaster. A key moment in League history occurs in this series, when the Avenger Hawkeye becomes the first Marvel Comics character to be inducted into the Justice League.

[[[Justice League|edit]]] JLA: ClassifiedEdit

JLA: Classified

Cover of JLA: Classified #1 by Ed McGuinness.

Publication information
Publisher DC Comics
Schedule Monthly
Format Ended
Publication date January 2005 - May 2008
Number of issues 54
Creative team
Writer(s) various
Artist(s) various
Creator(s) Grant Morrison

Ed McGuinness

In 2004, DC began an anthology series titled JLA: Classified, which would feature rotating writers and artists producing self-contained story-arcs and aborted mini-series projects that were reappropriated for publication within the pages of the series, starring the JLA. While the bulk of the stories took place within the continuity of the series (circa JLA #76–113) some of the stories take place outside of regular DC Universe canon. The series was canceled as of issue #54 (May 2008).

[[[Justice League|edit]]] JusticeEdit

Main article: Justice (DC Comics)In October 2005, DC began publishing the 12-issue miniseries Justice by writer Jim Krueger, writer/illustrator Alex Ross, and artist Doug Braithwaite. The story, which takes place outside regular DC continuity, has Lex Luthor assembling the Legion of Doom after he and several other villains begin to have nightmares about the end of the world and the failures of the Justice League to prevent said apocalypse. As the Legion begins engaging in unprecedented humanitarian deeds throughout the world, they also launch a series of attacks on the Justice League and their families. In the end however, the threat that the Legion was warned about destroying the Earth turns out to be caused by Brainiac, who seeks to destroy Earth during the chaos.

[[[Justice League|edit]]] Justice League: Cry for JusticeEdit

Main article: Justice League: Cry for JusticeOriginally a planned ongoing title, Justice League: Cry For Justice is a mini-series written by James Robinson and drawn by Mauro Cascioli. The mini-series, set after the events of Final Crisis, has Hal Jordan leaving the League following the deaths of Batman and Martian Manhunter, as their deaths has caused Hal to seek out a more proactive manner of dealing with super-villains. Hal, along with Green Arrow and later Supergirl, Captain Marvel Jr., and Batwoman are then recruited by Ray Palmer to investigate a murder of a former colleague carried out on orders from Prometheus. This ties into another string of murders, bringing Starman Mikaal Tomas and Congorrila together as their investigation of the murders of several European super-heroes are also revealed to be the work of Prometheus.

With help from the Hawkman villain I.Q., Prometheus plans on creating the ultimate weapon in mass murder, a massive doomsday device which he plans on using to destroy entire cities, as part of his revenge scheme against the JLA for lobotomizing him. Disguised as Captain Marvel Jr., Prometheus maims Roy Harper and brutally injuring JLA members Dr. Light II, Vixen, and Plastic Man while using the JLA Satellite to activate his doomsday device, which destroys Star City, killing 90,000 innocent civilians, including Roy Harper's young daughter Lian. Prometheus ultimately extorts his freedom from the League in exchange for the codes to shut down his weapon, much to the horror of the JLA members. However, afterwords, Green Arrow (with help from reformed villain The Shade), tracks Prometheus down and kills him by firing an arrow into his head.

The mini-series leads directly into the formation of a brand new JLA roster with Green Lantern Hal Jordan, Donna Troy, Dick Grayson as Batman, Mon-El, Cyborg, Starfire, Congorrilla, Guardian, and Mikaal Tomas.

[[[Justice League|edit]]] JLA/The 99Edit

Main article: JLA/The 99Launching in October 2010, JLA/The 99 is a crossover mini-series featuring the Justice League teaming up with the heroes of Teshkeel Comics' The 99 series. The confirmed members of the JLA are Batman, Superman, Wonder Woman, Green Lantern (John Stewart), the Flash (Barry Allen), the Atom (Ray Palmer), Hawkman, and Firestorm.

[[[Justice League|edit]]] AwardsEdit

The original Justice League of America series has won:

[[[Justice League|edit]]] BibliographyEdit

[[[Justice League|edit]]] Silver Age Justice League of AmericaEdit

This series has been collected in the following:

# Title Material collected
1 Justice League of America Archives volume 1 The Brave and the Bold #28-30, Justice League of America #1-6
2 Justice League of America Archives volume 2 Justice League of America #7-14
3 Justice League of America Archives volume 3 Justice League of America #15-22
4 Justice League of America Archives volume 4 Justice League of America #23-30
5 Justice League of America Archives volume 5 Justice League of America #31-38, #40*
6 Justice League of America Archives volume 6 Justice League of America #41-47, #49-50*
7 Justice League of America Archives volume 7 Justice League of America #51-57, #59-60*
8 Justice League of America Archives volume 8 Justice League of America #61-66, #68-70*
9 Justice League of America Archives volume 9 Justice League of America #71-80
  • omitted issues featured reprints of material from earlier Archives.

[[[Justice League|edit]]] Justice League/Justice League International/Justice League America (1987–1996)Edit

This series has been collected in the following hardcover collections:

# Title Material collected
1 Justice League International Volume 1 Justice League #1-6, Justice League International (vol. 1) #7
2 Justice League International Volume 2 Justice League International (vol. 1) #8-14, Justice League Annual #1
3 Justice League International Volume 3 Justice League International (vol. 1) #15-22
4 Justice League International Volume 4 Justice League International (vol. 1) #23-25, Justice League America #26-30

[[[Justice League|edit]]] JLA (January 1997 – February 2006)Edit

This series has been collected in the following trade paperbacks:

# Title Material collected
1 New World Order JLA #1-4
2 American Dreams JLA #5-9
3 Rock of Ages JLA #10-15
4 Strength in Numbers JLA #16-23, JLA Secret Files #2, Prometheus (one-shot)
5 Justice For All JLA #24-33
6 World War III JLA #34-41
7 Tower of Babel JLA #42-46, JLA Secret Files #3, JLA 80-Page Giant #1
8 Divided We Fall JLA #47-54
9 Terror Incognita JLA #55-60
10 Golden Perfect JLA #61-65
11 The Obsidian Age (Book 1) JLA #66-71
12 The Obsidian Age (Book 2) JLA #72-76
13 Rules of Engagement JLA #77-82
14 Trial By Fire JLA #84-89
15 The Tenth Circle JLA #94-99
16 Pain of the Gods JLA #101-106
17 Syndicate Rules JLA #107-114, and a story from JLA Secret Files 2004
18 Crisis of Conscience JLA #115-119
19 World Without a Justice League JLA #120-125

This series has been collected in the following hardcover collections:

# Title Material collected
1 JLA: The Deluxe Edition Vol. 1 JLA #1-9, plus a story included in JLA: Secret Files and Origins #1
2 JLA: The Deluxe Edition Vol. 2 JLA #10-17, Prometheus (one-shot), plus JLA/WILDCATS

[[[Justice League|edit]]] Justice League of America (vol. 2) (August 2006 – present)Edit

This series has been collected in the following hardcover collections:

# Title Material collected
1 The Tornado's Path Justice League of America (vol. 2) #1-7
2 The Lightning Saga Justice League of America (vol. 2) #0, #8-12, Justice Society of America (vol. 3) #5-6
3 The Injustice League Justice League of America (vol. 2) #13-16, JLA Wedding Special #1
4 Sanctuary Justice League of America (vol. 2) #17-21
5 The Second Coming Justice League of America (vol. 2) #22-26
6 When Worlds Collide Justice League of America (vol. 2) #27-28, #30-34